Si Satchanalai Historical Park ‘Travel back to the past.’
If you have never visited Sukhothai Province before, then you must go and should probably start with this place. It’s a very valuable learning resource.
Si Satchanalai Historical Park
The place is an ancient town located in Si Satchanalai District. The whole area is about 45.14 square kilometres large, quite enormous. For your information, it was once named as ‘Muang Chaliang’. However, during the period of Phra Ruang Dynasty, the name has been changed into Si Satchanalai instead.
The city was rectangular in shape. In the 16th century, a 5-metre high wall with an upstream moat was built to fend off the growing Burmese attacks. The location of the town was facilitated by two neighboring dominant hills.
Si Satchanalai historical park and the associated historical parks at Sukhothai and Kamphaeng Phet are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites and are maintained by the Fine Arts Department of Thailand in association with UNESCO. There is no wonder why it was announced as a world heritage in 1991. It can be called as a historic national park. Within the park, there are many ancient architectures and items. Most of them are temples and appear as rugged stone. Still, they’re valuable.
Some of the ancient architectures are..
Wat Chang Lom : This is where you should see the pagoda of Lanka style. The base of the Chedi is high and square in its shape. The front side of the base was decorated with 8 sculptures of elephant while other sides were decorated with 9 sculptures of elephant.
Wat Chedi Jed Taew : This is the most outstanding ancient temples of the park, as it’s covered in fusion art of Sriwichai and Sukhothai. The important constructions in this temple is the main Chedi with lotus shape top, a Wiharn Building and 33 subordinate Chedis. All the constructions were bounded by a demarkation wall. The whole building complex was originally surrounded by a temple ditch.
Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat Chaliang : This is a large temple located 3 kilometres away from the southwest. The decorative stucco bearing the Bayon art style of ancient Khmer found at the main entrance of the temple as well as archaeological evidence excavated here point out clearly that Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat was orighally founded before Sukhothai period.
Wat Chom Chuen Museum : Located near Yom Ruver, this temple is interesting due to its circle-shaped pagoda. The important Sukhothai period buildings that can be seen in this temple during the present days include a main Chedi of Lankan style, a Wiharn building, and a Mondop. These were built from blocks of laterite.
Wat Nang Phaya : The main Chedi of Lankan style is the focus of this temple. This Chedi is supported by a high base which was once decorated with sculptures of elephant similar to Wat Chang Lom.
Similar to Sukhothai Historical Park, Si Satchanalai Historical Park attracts thousands of visitors each year, who marvel at the ancient Buddha figures, palace buildings and ruined temples. The park is easily toured by bicycle or even on foot.
Srisatchanalai Historical Park is open every day from 8am-5pm. Entrance ticket to the main park is 100 Baht for non-Thais.
How to get there
Just follow the Highway 101 for about 19 kilometres. Then turn left, in order to cross Yom River. After that, you should find your way to turn right into the park. Keep going for about a while and you will reach where you should park your car.